The secret behind growing coffee near active volcanoes : Around the world, volcanic soil is generally seen as “more fertile” soil for growing crops, including coffee. But why is that?
Worldwide, more than 800 million people, about 10 percent of the world’s population, live within 100 kilometers of 1,431 active volcanoes. While they have enormous destructive power, active volcanoes attract millions of tourists each year and provide geothermal energy that can be harnessed to support local communities. In addition, the volcanic material produced during eruptions can be combined with the surrounding land to produce some of the world’s most fertile agricultural soils.
Coffee plants grow especially in volcanic soils, which are characterized by a set of physical, chemical, and mineral properties that make it superior to other types of soil in terms of agriculture. However, soil is the main part of story, Volcanic environments can provide other agricultural conditions for the growth of the most delicious coffees. In this article we are going to discuss The secret behind growing coffee near active volcanoes.
The secret behind growing coffee near active volcanoes
Andisols: The strength of volcanic soil
Most volcanic soils are formed by Azaravar. Firewood is a combination of volcanic particles (ash) and rock fragments that emerge from a volcano during an eruption and then fall to the ground. Over time, the pyroclastic decomposes to produce what we call volcanic soil.
Most volcanic soils are known as Andisols, which are derived from the Japanese words enshokudo and endo meaning “dark soil”. Andisols are light and soft; These glasses contain a high percentage of silicate glass and tend to accumulate organic matter.
Eruption style and active volcanoes
The growth of coffee and the fertility of volcanic soil depend on the chemistry, nature.
Eruptions are divided into two types: explosive eruptions and effusive eruptions.
Effusive eruptions are characterized by lava eruptions which produce iron and magnesium-rich Andisols. Explosive eruptions are characterized by the discharge of silica-rich volcanic ash and its remnants (or pyroclastic debris). It covers the ground and produces Andisols which are high in aluminum, sodium and potassium.
Volcanic coffee: after the soil
In addition to the nutrient-rich soils created by volcanoes, the land of many volcanic areas has other benefits for coffee growth. Arabica grows at altitudes of 1,000 to 2,000 meters.
Volcanoes are commonly found along high-altitude mountain belts, such as the volcanic arcs of Central and South America. Coffee quality generally increases at higher altitudes, where temperatures are cooler, beans grow slower, and cherries grow more slowly.